File #: Int 1894-2020    Version: Name: Automated employment decision tools.
Type: Introduction Status: Enacted
Committee: Committee on Technology
On agenda: 2/27/2020
Enactment date: 12/11/2021 Law number: 2021/144
Title: A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to automated employment decision tools
Sponsors: Laurie A. Cumbo, Alicka Ampry-Samuel , Helen K. Rosenthal, Robert E. Cornegy, Jr., Ben Kallos, Adrienne E. Adams, Farah N. Louis, Margaret S. Chin, Fernando Cabrera , Deborah L. Rose, Vanessa L. Gibson, Justin L. Brannan, Carlina Rivera , Mark Levine, Diana I. Ayala, I. Daneek Miller, Stephen T. Levin, Inez D. Barron
Council Member Sponsors: 18
Summary: This bill would require that a bias audit be conducted on an automated employment decision tool prior to the use of said tool. The bill would also require that candidates or employees that reside in the city be notified about the use of such tools in the assessment or evaluation for hire or promotion, as well as, be notified about the job qualifications and characteristics that will be used by the automated employment decision tool. Violations of the provisions of the bill would be subject to a civil penalty.
Indexes: Agency Rule-making Required
Attachments: 1. Summary of Int. No. 1894-A, 2. Summary of Int. No. 1894, 3. Int. No. 1894, 4. February 27, 2020 - Stated Meeting Agenda with Links to Files, 5. Hearing Transcript - Stated Meeting 2-27-20, 6. Minutes of the Stated Meeting - February 27, 2020, 7. Committee Report 11/13/20, 8. Hearing Testimony 11/13/20, 9. Hearing Transcript 11/13/20, 10. Proposed Int. No. 1894-A - 11/9/21, 11. Message of Necessity, 12. Committee Report 11/10/21, 13. Hearing Transcript 11/10/21, 14. Committee Report - Stated Meeting, 15. November 10, 2021 - Stated Meeting Agenda with Links to Files, 16. Hearing Transcript - Stated Meeting 11-10-21, 17. Int. No. 1894-A (FINAL), 18. Fiscal Impact Statement, 19. Legislative Documents - Letter to the Mayor, 20. Local Law 144
Date Ver.Prime SponsorAction ByActionResultAction DetailsMeeting DetailsMultimedia
12/13/2021ALaurie A. Cumbo City Council Returned Unsigned by Mayor  Action details Meeting details Not available
12/11/2021ALaurie A. Cumbo Administration City Charter Rule Adopted  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021ALaurie A. Cumbo City Council Sent to Mayor by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021ALaurie A. Cumbo City Council Approved by CouncilPass Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021*Laurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Hearing Held by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021*Laurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Amendment Proposed by Comm  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021*Laurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Amended by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/10/2021ALaurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Approved by CommitteePass Action details Meeting details Not available
11/13/2020*Laurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Hearing Held by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
11/13/2020*Laurie A. Cumbo Committee on Technology Laid Over by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
5/11/2020*Laurie A. Cumbo City Council Re-referred to Committee by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available
2/27/2020*Laurie A. Cumbo City Council Referred to Comm by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available
2/27/2020*Laurie A. Cumbo City Council Introduced by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available

Int. No. 1894-A

 

By Council Members Cumbo, Ampry-Samuel, Rosenthal, Cornegy, Kallos, Adams, Louis, Chin, Cabrera, Rose, Gibson, Brannan, Rivera, Levine, Ayala, Miller, Levin and Barron

 

A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to automated employment decision tools

 

Be it enacted by the Council as follows:

 

Section 1. Chapter 5 of title 20 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended by adding a new subchapter 25 to read as follows:

Subchapter 25

Automated Employment Decision Tools

§ 20-870 Definitions. For the purposes of this subchapter, the following terms have the following meanings:

Automated employment decision tool. The term “automated employment decision tool” means any computational process, derived from machine learning, statistical modeling, data analytics, or artificial intelligence, that issues simplified output, including a score, classification, or recommendation, that is used to substantially assist or replace discretionary decision making for making employment decisions that impact natural persons. The term “automated employment decision tool” does not include a tool that does not automate, support, substantially assist or replace discretionary decision-making processes and that does not materially impact natural persons, including, but not limited to, a junk email filter, firewall, antivirus software, calculator, spreadsheet, database, data set, or other compilation of data.

Bias audit. The term “bias audit” means an impartial evaluation by an independent auditor. Such bias audit shall include but not be limited to the testing of an automated employment decision tool to assess the tool’s disparate impact on persons of any component 1 category required to be reported by employers pursuant to subsection (c) of section 2000e-8 of title 42 of the United States code as specified in part 1602.7 of title 29 of the code of federal regulations.

Employment decision. The term “employment decision” means to screen candidates for employment or employees for promotion within the city.

§ 20-871 Requirements for automated employment decision tools. a. In the city, it shall be unlawful for an employer or an employment agency to use an automated employment decision tool to screen a candidate or employee for an employment decision unless:

1. Such tool has been the subject of a bias audit conducted no more than one year prior to the use of such tool; and

2. A summary of the results of the most recent bias audit of such tool as well as the distribution date of the tool to which such audit applies has been made publicly available on the website of the employer or employment agency prior to the use of such tool.

b. Notices required. In the city, any employer or employment agency that uses an automated employment decision tool to screen an employee or a candidate who has applied for a position for an employment decision shall notify each such employee or candidate who resides in the city of the following:

1. That an automated employment decision tool will be used in connection with the assessment or evaluation of such employee or candidate that resides in the city. Such notice shall be made no less than ten business days before such use and allow a candidate to request an alternative selection process or accommodation;

2. The job qualifications and characteristics that such automated employment decision tool will use in the assessment of such candidate or employee. Such notice shall be made no less than 10 business days before such use; and

3. If not disclosed on the employer or employment agency’s website, information about the type of data collected for the automated employment decision tool, the source of such data and the employer or employment agency’s data retention policy shall be available upon written request by a candidate or employee.  Such information shall be provided within 30 days of the written request. Information pursuant to this section shall not be disclosed where such disclosure would violate local, state, or federal law, or interfere with a law enforcement investigation.

§ 20-872 Penalties. a. Any person that violates any provision of this subchapter or any rule promulgated pursuant to this subchapter is liable for a civil penalty of not more than $500 for a first violation and each additional violation occurring on the same day as the first violation, and not less than $500 nor more than $1,500 for each subsequent violation.

b. Each day on which an automated employment decision tool is used in violation of this section shall give rise to a separate violation of subdivision a of section 20-871.

c. Failure to provide any notice to a candidate or an employee in violation of paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of subdivision b of section 20-871 shall constitute a separate violation.

d. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty authorized by this subchapter is returnable to any tribunal established within the office of administrative trials and hearings or within any agency of the city designated to conduct such proceedings.

§ 20-873 Enforcement. The corporation counsel or such other persons designated by the corporation  counsel  on behalf  of  the  department may initiate in any court of competent jurisdiction any action or proceeding that may be appropriate or necessary for correction of any violation issued pursuant this subchapter, including mandating compliance with the provisions of this chapter or such other relief as may be appropriate.

§ 20-874 Construction. The provisions of this subchapter shall not be construed to limit any right of any candidate or employee for an employment decision to bring a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction, or to limit the authority of the commission on human rights to enforce the provisions of title 8, in accordance with law.

§ 2.  This local law takes effect on January 1, 2023.

 

SJ/ IB

LS #11903

11/1/2021 11:32 pm